Psychické poruchy – anglicky
- Anxiety disorder – fear
Sudden panic with no external reason, increased stress may lead to repeated attack
Extremely fear of some thing – spiders, highs, blood
Generalized anxiety disorder
Feel symptoms of extreme fear all the time with no external reason.
Obsession =repeated automatic thoughts about death of loved once.
The person may completely perform some behavior over and over.
(Fire – checking, extremely often washing hands)
Post traumatic stress disorder
Survivors of extreme trauma (war), re-experience traumatic moment during the day (flashbacks) and in dreams (nightmares)!! High risk of suicide!!
- Mood disorders – extreme depression
Emotion reaction is extremely negative
Seasonal attractive disorders
i.e winter depression by lack of sunlight
- Dissuasive disorders
Psychogenic amnesia – without brain damage, loss of memory of some events
Psychogenic fugue- forgot identity and start new life somewhere else.
Multiple personality disorder
Developed two or more distinct personalities which may contrast sharply
.No schizophrenia!!! Evidence of extreme proclaimed abuse throughout childhood
Symptoms: A) Hallucinations – hear voices
- B) Delusions – irrational believes
- C) flat/impropriate affect – no/ blizzard believes
- D) Loose association – world salad – mix up speac
Mainly C and D, common in homeless
Mainly A and B, believes that someone tries to get them (FBI, KGB), hallucinations
Loose in own world, do not react on external stimuli mainly A and C
- Somatoform disorder – some physical ailment with no organic cause.
“Freud hysteria” physical problem (blindness, inability to speak, paralysis)without physical cause. Psychological stress
Feel many vogue symptoms, believe they are rare illness.
- Sexual Paraphilias – unusual love
Pedophilia, Necrophilia, Sexual sadism, sexual masochism
- Substance disorder
Feel need to take a drug to get through day (Alcohol)
- Childhood disorders
Problem concentrating in school, treatment – RITALI (amphetamine)
Biological problem, speech problem SAVANT – unusual talent (math, music, memory)
- Disorders not otherwise specified
Mix of symptoms does not fit clearly into just one category
- Personality disorder
Different from other illnesses, impossible to change, main criteria: dangerous, unpleasant to others, antisocial personality, no guilt, no morality. These People usually end up in prison.
Other disorders are not so serious just annoying
Interpret others action as personal attacks (uninteresting, jealous)
Obsessive compulsive personality